H2A is a type of visa that allows entry into a country for a type of farming work. It doesn’t give any other benefits, but it allows for farmers and landowners to hire and bring in foreign labor to work for them. For landowners who are shorthanded, this can be a win-win, giving the immigrants money and work while getting the job done.
The terms of the visa can be anywhere from one month to one year. It also regulates that the owners need to provide free meals, transportation, and housing for the workers. The workers must also be paid the same as their domestic counterparts, which is either the state minimum wage or the hourly wage rate.
In order to apply for an H2A visa, someone needs to put out a job order which must be filled out, and the Employer must have a Temporary Labor Certification as well as other forms. Then the papers are approved if there are not enough local workers who are able, willing, and qualified to complete the job and employing the immigrants will not affect the wages of the domestic workers.
The job in question must also be temporary or seasonal, which is why agriculture is one of the main domains. Foreign workers stay for the duration of the job that is listed on their visa, and the duration can be extended for up to three years. However, after three years the workers cannot remain and must leave for a period of three months before applying for the visa again.
H2A placement services can be complicated, but in the end, they are a win for both the people who need workers and the immigrants who are often willing to work. The visas just ensure that everything is controlled when it comes to letting in foreign labor.